The final stages of breast cancer refer to the Stage IV breast cancer, which is by far the most advanced phase of the illness. At this point, the disease has already gone beyond its origin to the other parts of the body, which
are far from where the tumor first appeared. The body organs most commonly affected when the cancer metastasis, are the bones, lungs and liver. The symptoms of the final stages of breast cancer usually manifest physically. When the cancer has spread to the lungs, the patient usually suffers shortness of breath and coughing. However, there are also cases where the patient shows no symptoms at all and only diagnose through x-ray or CT scan. About 60 to 70 percent of patients suffer metastases of cancer to their lungs.
The bones are the other part of the body that is readily affected when breast cancer spreads. The disease usually forms holes in the bones as the cancer eats away at it. The bones in the arms and legs, spine, pelvic, skull, ribs and hips are usually the most affected part by the spread of cancer cells. Sometimes, the cancer can also cause the increase of bone mineral mass while causing the bones to fracture easily. When the cancer spreads to the bones, the patient may also experience pain, unexplained loss of weight, swelling and even fatigue. Information has it that about 25% of all breast cancer spreads to the bones first, before to other organs.
In the final stages of breast cancer, the disease can also spread to the liver which does not manifest any outward signs at first. As the disease progresses however, the signs become more pronounced such as weight loss, fever and loss of appetite. The disease can also spread to the brain, the symptoms of which include dizziness, blurred vision and headaches.
Last stages of breast cancer
Stages IIIB, IIIC and IV are the last stages of breast cancer. These stages are described the cancer as invasive, spreading to the other organs of the body including the brain, lungs, liver, bones and lymph nodes located far away from the breast. At this point, the cancer has progressed beyond its original situ, which is within the breast area to other parts of the boy. A patient who is in the final stages of breast cancer manifests symptoms which are easily discernible. However, there are cases though that symptoms may be a little subtle at first but as the disease advanced, the symptoms become more apparent. The last stages of breast cancer are the most advanced phase of the disease, the survival rate of which is barely minimal. It is to be noted that early detection of the disease will upped the survival rate.
Unlike the early stages of the disease, the last stages of breast cancer are already identified as metastatic cancer. This means that the cancer cells splits from the tumor and flow through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system towards far-off tissues in the body. Through such process, the cancer cells can develop into new tumor that attaches to the lungs, liver, bones and the brain. The end stages of this disease are indeed very severe. In fact, majority of those who have died from breast cancer have metastases, which have been found to be the major cause of their death. These stages can be treated by utilizing systemic method of treatments that will target several tissues at once, such as done in chemotherapy, targeted therapy or hormone therapies. As the disease progresses, the pain can also alleviate which necessitates the employment of palliative therapy to ease the pain. There are also instances that a surgery to be done in a specific part of the body suffering from pain or discomfort due to breast cancer can be accomplished.
End stages of breast cancer
The end stages of breast cancer include the phase of the disease which one would not readily want to progress to. If the early stages of the disease are diagnose early and correspondingly treated, cancer cells and tumor would not have the chance to spread to other prone areas of the body. These areas or organs, which are comprised of soft tissues like the breast are the most affected body parts when the disease metastases. The end stages of breast cancer actually refer to the latter part of the stage III and the Stage IV breast cancer. If the stage IIIC, which is the latter part of the stage is not treated accordingly, the cancer might metastasis to other body organs, which will bring another onslaught of symptoms and manifestations.
The end stages of the breast cancer are very serious and usually bring on several physical symptoms and signs. At first, the symptoms might be a little subtle but as the diseases progresses, the signs become more evident. During the end stages of breast cancer, the cancer cells separates from the tumor and spreads to the other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream. This process is medically termed as metastasis. The breakaway cancer cells can settle on the soft tissues of the lungs, liver, bones and the brain to form new tumor. According to the American Cancer Society, most of those who have died of breast cancer have metastases, which is in fact what causes their death in the first place. The last stages of this disease needs some kind of systemic treatments such as offered by hormone therapy, chemotherapy or targeted therapy. For patients who are suffering from severe pain, they can receive palliative therapy treatment for the pain, as the disease progresses. Surgery can also be another option for pain and discomfort that is felt in a particular region of the body.